Transports and Synchronization
Understanding Storage: let, const, @state, @param
Using the Audio Plugin/Desktop Application Template
Programming a Custom UI with JUCE
RNBO Raspberry Pi OSCQuery Runner
Gen in RNBO
gen~ is fully functional inside of RNBO. Here we take a look at how to use it inside RNBO and some important details for seamless integration.
RNBO supports gen~ and all gen objects and operators. This means you can fully utilize the existing library of gendsp audio effects as well as your own creations, and deploy them into any of the available target exports.
Like in Max, you simply create a gen~ object in your RNBO patcher. Your gen~ object can be embedded directly in your RNBO patcher, or you can load .gendsp files from disk with the
You can use codebox inside gen~ as well, which is especially useful if you want to grab some existing DSP code (from musicDSP.org etc). Of course, you can use codebox side by side with other Gen objects.
Single Sample Processing
Like Max itself, RNBO processes audio in blocks. This is normally fine, but certain effects like delays, filters, and physical models rely on very short delays of only a few samples. For single-sample feedback, you can use gen~ inside of RNBO.
Using the Gen Example Library
The Gen example library contains filters, reverbs, physical models, and other audio effects. Since gen~ works inside of RNBO, you can use any of these in your RNBO patches. That includes Gen patches that you've made yourself, or that you've found on the Max forums.
The video shows how to get the Gen
gigaverb example from the inbuilt examples, and add it to a RNBO polyphonic synthesizer.
Gen Parameters and RNBO Parameters
If a Gen patch has its own parameters, use the
@exposeparameters 1 attribute to expose those parameters to the top level of your RNBO patcher. This exposes the names of any gen~ params as RNBO params, making them available for modulation after export.
Parameter names for gen~ objects will take the form
gen_obj_<int>/parameter_name. You can set an explicit name for the gen~ object by setting its
@varname attribute. For example, setting the gen~
foo will result in the exposed parameter name
Using the set object
Parameters in RNBO-hosted gen~ patchers can be addressed internally using the set object or exposed as attrbutes in the containing rnbo~ object and exported code. This is done by specifying the name of a param object in the gen subpatcher as an argument to set, then sending the value to the set object. i.e., for a gen~ object with a parameter foo, the parameter can be changed by passing a value to a
[set foo] object connected to the gen~ object.
@exposeparams attribute to 1 (default 0) exposes the names of all parameters in that Gen patcher as attributes of the rnbo~ object (and thus any exported code). By default, each parameter is given a unique name in the form
gentilde_obj_<int>/parameter_name. You can set an explicit name for the attribute by setting a varname for the gen~ object in the object inspector. i.e., setting the gen~ varname to foo will result in
Note: The varname must be set in the object inspector. Setting the title or using varname in the object box will not set the parameter attribute name.
Minimum and maximum values in exposed parameters
Please note that if a parameter does not have a minimum or maximum value set in the Gen patcher, RNBO will assign the parameter a minimum value of
0 and/or a maximum value of
1 when those parameters are exposed with the
Resetting gen~ Parameters
The set object followed by the word reset can be used to reset all parameters of a connected gen~ object. When
set reset receives a bang, all param objects in gen~ return to their initial
The video demonstrates how to grab the
lores~ filter example and insert it into the signal processing chain in RNBO. Unlike the other example, this Gen patcher doesn't have any parameters, but uses signal inlets to control the frequency and resonance. For any values like these, you can use the RNBO param~ object to control them at signal rate.
Like many DSP algorithms, the
lores~ filter perform calculations involving internal feedback with only a few samples of delay Gen accomplishes this using the history object. RNBO has no direct equivalent for history. In RNBO, if you need access to the immediate sample memory, use the history operator inside gen~.
For feedback connections in RNBO that don’t require single sample delay, you can use the feedback~ object. The feedback~ object operates in a similar way to the Gen history operator, except it works by introducing one audio vector of delay. The RNBO vectorsize~ object will return the current vector size.
Materials in this article